The official poverty rate in 2020 was 11.4 percent, and data shows that more than 37 million people in America lived at or below the federal poverty line. Poverty is one of the largest constructs of the social determinants of health (SDOH) and reminds us daily of the social disadvantages in America. The SDOH include a range of factors that include poverty, health insurance, access to care, education, housing, employment. Poverty leads on a global scale in health disparities.
Nursing plays a significant role in the influence of SDOH in our communities. The practice of prevention, education and promotion are invaluable to the outcomes of health, the importance of public health nursing can not be ignored.
Science has documented well that poverty has a dramatic effect on the livliehood and economic equality of those affected. We must be diligent in our strategies and implementation as we empower our most vulnerable populations.