REFLECTIONS: A Short-Story Series

Updated: Nov 13

This February we will be rolling out our first Story-telling educational series. The series features distinct short story events to celebrate the history of African Americans in nursing, medicine, and public health.


Reflections: Then & Now

On January 1, 1863, freedom would be granted to slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation did not free all slaves in the United States. Rather, it declared free only those slaves living in states not under Union control.

Photo: Everette Collection


President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."


The Black Cross Nurses

In 1918 the U.N.I.A, Universal Negro Improvement Association, a popular movement then known as the GARVEY MOVEMENT, established in New York by the famed Marcus Garvey. A native of Jamaica, Garvey is most notably known for saying, " I shall teach the black man to see beauty in himself.


In the 1920's the Black Cross Nurses launched as an extension of the U.N.I A., by Henritta Vinton Davis, as a result of the war sufferings on Black Americans. The nurses answered to help with the unsatisfactory health conditions among minority communities. Legacy speaks of black mothers being forced to take their babies to the fields with them, tie to trees to keep from getting hurt as their mothers worked. There were no places for the children to be cared for, resulting in malnutrition and high rate of death.







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